The City of Chicago is home to world-class art collections and vibrant arts communities, and the city’s architecture makes for one of the greatest museums of modern architecture in the world. The University of Chicago provides students and faculty with the ability to take advantage of the wealth of resources that the city has to offer, providing students with free access to many area collections, and facilitating archival research and institutional relationships.
Architecture in Chicago
Chicago’s buildings are its best-known art collection, especially in the compact lakefront downtown known as the Loop, as well as the expansive Prairie neighborhoods and suburbs that embrace the city. The city’s layout is marked by the 1909 Plan of Chicago by Daniel Burnham, which rationalized the city’s explosive growth since its foundation in the 1830s, and became an international reference point for the new profession of city planning. The Loop is celebrated for pioneering the skyscraper in the late nineteenth century and reinventing it in the mid 20th century under the leadership of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. In the suburbs, Frank Lloyd Wright launched his career by devising a new kind of house for the Progressive Era, whose inventive form nonetheless had a widespread echo in the city’s working-class bungalow belt.
The city continues to produce innovative architects such as Jeanne Gang and John Ronan, as well as three schools of architecture, and hosts the Chicago Architecture Biennial. Architecture has a remarkably high profile among Chicagoans, who sustain a number of architecture-oriented institutions, including the Chicago Architecture Foundation, the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Visual Arts, which emphasizes the built environment, the Dreihaus Foundation, the Frank Lloyd Wright Trust, the National Public Housing Museum, one of the earliest departments and libraries of architecture at the Art Institute of Chicago, and the national headquarters of the Society of Architectural Historians. They generate an abundance of tours, lectures, conferences, exhibits, and research collections on the built environment.
Art Institute of Chicago
Founded in 1879, the Art Institute of Chicago is one of the world’s greatest encyclopedic museums and home to nearly 300,000 works of art created over 5000 years across the globe. The wide range of its collections and easy accessibility for the academic community–all students get free entry–gives the Department of Art History a seemingly bottomless resource for object study. Complementing the research conducted in its 11 curatorial departments, the Art Institute also features a conservation and conservation science department with multiple conservation laboratories.
Many curators and conservators, some of whom were educated at the University of Chicago, have close relationships with art history faculty, and mentor students, in related fields of expertise. While the Art Institute of Chicago is an incredible resource for the entire city and region, the Rhoades Exchange Program and the Chicago Object Study Initiative (COSI) have deepened the Department of Art History’s relationships with the collection, facilities, and curators for scholarly and pedagogical purposes. Beyond the department’s COSI Fellows and Rhoades Intern, the Art Institute also hosts the Metcalf Foundation Fellows, the Andrew W. Mellon and Rice Foundation Curatorial Fellows, and the Andrew W. Mellon Summer Academy and Undergraduate Curatorial Fellows, some of whom come from the University of Chicago.
Arts Club of Chicago
Established in 1916 in the wake of the Armory Show, The Arts Club of Chicago functions dually as a private club and public not-for-profit, with the first floor of its historic Streeterville home dedicated to the public exhibition of modern and contemporary art, free of charge. The Arts Club offers three to four public exhibitions per year, a permanent collection including work by many modern and contemporary masters, and a diverse calendar of programming offered to its membership, guests, and the public. Over the past century, such luminaries as John Cage, Jean Dubuffet, Gertrude Stein, and Igor Stravinsky have appeared on The Arts Club’s stage, and its permanent collection includes work by Henri Matisse, Alexander Calder, Sigmar Polke, and Natalie Gonchorova.
DuSable Museum of African American History
The DuSable Museum of African American History, located in Washington Park adjacent to the University of Chicago campus and an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, is dedicated to the study and conservation of African American history, culture, and art. Named for Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, a Haitian fur trader and the first non-Native-American permanent settler in Chicago, it was founded in 1961 to celebrate black culture, at the time overlooked by most museums and academic establishments. The museum’s collection includes 13,000 artifacts, books, photographs, art objects, and memorabilia, ranging from US-slavery era relics to objects related to the 1960s Black Arts Movement. The DuSable Museum is the oldest and, before the founding of the National Museum of African American History and Culture in the 21st century, the largest caretaker of African American culture in the United States.
Field Museum of Natural History
The Field Museum is one of the largest natural history and anthropology museums in the world. Founded in 1893 as an outgrowth of the World’s Columbian Exposition, the museum offers opportunities to study the history of collecting and display, as well as access to extraordinarily rich collections of objects from Asia, Africa, the indigenous Americas, the ancient Near East, and the Greco-Roman world. The museum also houses significant collections of ethnographic photographs and film. Curatorial, conservation, exhibitions, and collections management staff have tremendous expertise in art history, anthropology, and related fields, and temporary exhibitions on a variety of topics complement the Museum’s permanent exhibitions on material culture of the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
Hyde Park Art Center
A leader in advancing contemporary visual art in Chicago since 1939, the Hyde Park Art Center serves as a gathering and production space for artists and the broader community to cultivate ideas, impact social change, and connect through expanded networks. The Art Center functions as an amplifier for today and tomorrow’s creative voices, providing the space to make, see, learn about, and engage art with freedom. Within its facility, the Center inspires creativity through dynamic art-centered interactions, including exhibitions, artist talks, free public events, studio art classes, professional development opportunities for artists, arts education outreach, and an international residency.
IIT College of Architecture
The IIT College of Architecture dates back to the founding of the Armour Institute of Technology in 1890. The school has consistently produced leading architects who have shaped the Chicago skyline throughout the 20th century. In 1938 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe became head of the Department of Architecture at IIT and over his twenty-year tenure developed a lasting pedagogical framework for the program, while ensuring its modernist credentials for years to come. Mies also created a Master Plan for an expanded campus, embracing Chicago’s street grid and featuring numerous buildings designed by him, including the landmarked Crown Hall. The College regularly hosts public lectures by leading architects and architectural historians.
Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art
The Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art enriches teaching and learning on the campuses of Northwestern University and in the communities of their surrounding regions by presenting art across time, cultures, and media; convening interdisciplinary discussions in which art is a springboard for exploring issues and ideas; and collecting art that supports the Northwestern University curriculum. The museum aims to be a dynamic, imaginative, and innovative teaching and learning resource at Northwestern through an artistic program that is a springboard for thought-provoking discussions relevant to the curriculum and to our lives today. It seeks to inspire and develop a new generation of artists, scholars, and arts professionals by providing experiential learning opportunities bridging the classroom and the world beyond the campus; and to serve as a crossroad between campus and community, by creating an environment where all visitors feel welcome to participate.
Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago
One of the nation’s largest multidisciplinary museums devoted to contemporary art, the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago (MCA) offers exhibitions of the most thought-provoking art created since 1945. Complementing the collection and display of painting, sculpture, photography, film, and video, the performing arts program, MCA Stage, is the most active interdisciplinary performing arts presenter in Chicago, featuring leading performers from around the globe. The MCA’s Library and Archives support art history scholarship with access to books, periodicals, and archives including exhibition records, photographs, ephemera, and audio and video recordings. Since its founding in 1967, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the University of Chicago have been closely tied. A number of the MCA’s founders and supporters, including founding board president Joseph Randall Shapiro, have been UChicago alumni. In 1970, the MCA donated Wolf Vostell’s “event sculpture” Concrete Traffic to the University, which was recently conserved and reinstalled in the Campus North Parking Garage adjacent to the Department of Art History. The MCA annually offers the Marjorie Susman Curatorial Fellowship and several internships.
Serving the public since 1887, the Newberry is a world-renowned independent research library that is home to a collection spanning six centuries. The collection features items such as illuminated medieval manuscripts, rare early maps, rich genealogical resources, and the personal papers of Midwest authors. Free and open to the public, the Newberry offers exhibitions based on its collections; theatrical performances; lectures and discussions with today's leading humanists; seminars and workshops; and teacher programs. The Newberry’s Fellowship Program supports scholarship related to its collections.
Ryerson & Burnham Libraries
The Ryerson & Burnham Libraries comprise one of the largest research collections for art and architectural history in the United States, complementing the permanent collection of the Art Institute of Chicago. The collection contains more than 500,000 print titles, 100,000 auction catalogs, 800 current serial subscriptions, and digital collections. All periods and media are covered, but an emphasis is placed on architecture of the 18th through 20th centuries and 19th century painting, prints, drawings, and decorative arts. Special collections include the Percier and Fontaine Collection of 17th-19th century architectural books, the Mary Reynolds Collection on Dada and Surrealism, the George R. Collins Archive of Catalan Art and Architecture, and the Mrs. James Ward Thorne Collection of illustrated books. Archival collections include artists' and architects' papers, and are notably strong in late 19th- and 20th-century American architecture.
Stony Island Arts Bank
The Stony Island Arts Bank is a hybrid gallery, media archive, library and community center—and a home of the archives and collections of the Rebuild Foundation, founded and led by artist and faculty member Theaster Gates. Designed by William Gibbons Uffendell and built in 1923, the bank at 68th Street and Stony Island Avenue was once a vibrant community savings and loan. By the 1980s, the branch had closed and the building remained vacant and deteriorating for decades. Reopened in October 2015, the radically restored building serves as a space for neighborhood residents to preserve, access, reimagine, and share their heritage—and a destination for artists, scholars, curators, and collectors to research and engage with South Side history.
The collections include the Johnson Publishing Archive + Collections (books and periodicals donated by the Johnson Publishing Company, publisher of Ebony and Jet magazine), the University of Chicago Glass Lantern Slides (over 60,000 slides of art and architectural history from the Paleolithic to Modern eras donated by the Department of Art History), the Edward J. Williams Collection (4,000 objects of “negrobilia”—mass cultural objects and artifacts that feature stereotypical images of people of color), and the Frankie Knuckles Records (“Godfather of House Music” Frankie Knuckles’ vinyl collection).